万博体育manbetx下载研究:自恋的人更容易走上人生巅峰!

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自恋者心理更健康?自恋者容易给人留下优良的第一印象?
自恋,做为一种性格特质,凡是带有贬义,但同时也能够是一种自傲的积极立场。
科学研究发觉,适度自恋有益于小我成长,让你更容易走上人生巅峰。
Narcissistic people can sometimes be psychologically healthier than other people
自恋者有时心理更健康
Five studies, published in 2004 in the journal Personality Processes and Individual Differences, looked at some benefits of narcissism. Hundreds of people participated.
2004年,《性格养成取个性差别》登载了五项相关自恋好处的研究,无数百人参取此中。
Results showed that narcissists tended to be less depressed, lonely, anxious, and neurotic, and reported greater well-being than people who scored low on narcissism.
成果显示,自恋者往往更不容易抑郁、孤独、焦炙、神经质,他们的幸福感比不自恋的人更强烈。
研究做者写道:
“High narcissists may be socially callous, but that is no reason for them not to be psychologically healthy. To use a far-fetched metaphor, the mind of a narcissist is like a sports utility vehicle. It is great to be in the driving seat, but fellow motorists must watch out, lest a collision with this mobile fortress demolish their more humble hatchbacks.”
“高度自恋的人可能无情无义,可是他们不会意理不健康。打个牵强的比方,自恋者的心理就像是一辆活动型多用处汽车(SUV),坐正在驾驶座上的感受很好。但其他司机必必要小心避免和这座挪动碉堡发生碰撞,毁掉本人愈加低调的小轿车。Being moderately narcissistic seems to protect against social anxiety
适度自恋似乎能缓解社交焦炙
A 2010 study published in the journal Personality and Individual Differences, found that female college students who scored moderately high on a measure of narcissism were less worried about the way their bodies looked during exercise.
2010年登载正在《性格取个别差别》上的一项研究发觉:正在熬炼时,稍微自恋一点的女大学生更不担忧本人的身段看起来若何。Narcissistic adolescents and young adults tend to be more satisfied with life than their peers
相较于同龄人,自恋的青少年和年轻人对糊口更对劲
The takeaway from a 2012 study, published in the journal Social Psychological and Personality Science, is that narcissism is more beneficial for younger people.
《社会意理取性格科学》上一项2012年的研究发觉,自恋对年轻人更无益。
For the study, 368 college students and 439 of their family members filled out surveys on narcissism, life satisfaction, and personality traits. “Our findings suggest that the link between narcissism and life satisfaction is greater for adolescents and young adults than for adults,” the authors write.
正在该研究中,368名大学生和他们的439名家庭成员填写了一份关于自恋、糊口对劲度、性格特质的问卷。研究做者称:“成果显示,比拟于成年人,正在青少年和年轻群体中,自恋和糊口对劲度的关系更大。”
Specifically, participants who were younger than 26 who displayed certain types of narcissism reported higher life satisfaction and well-being; mothers of students who displayed the same traits did not.
出格是正在26岁以下的受访者中,自恋者的糊口对劲度和幸福感都更高;但有自恋特征的学生妈妈中,并没有呈现这个现象。
That said, the study also found narcissists of all ages were generally perceived more negatively by others.
然而,研究也发觉,无论处于哪个春秋段,自恋者获得的他人反馈都更负面。Narcissists tend to make great first impressions
自恋者容易给人留下优良的第一印象
But those positive impressions deteriorate quickly.
但这种好印象很快就会褪去。
Two studies published 1998, in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, found that narcissistic college students were at first perceived as agreeable and well-adjusted by their peers.
1998年《个性取社会意理学期刊》登载的两项研究发觉,自恋的大学生给同龄人留下的第一印象是蔼然可亲、顺应性强。
Interestingly, after a few weeks, those perceptions become more negative: Narcissists were perceived as less agreeable and well-adjusted, and more hostile and arrogant, than other students.
但风趣的是,几周事后,这种好印象就变差了:比拟于其他人,自恋者给人留下的印象变得更欠好相处,顺应性更差,更不友善、傲慢。Being slightly narcissistic is linked to having strong relationships
轻度自恋和安定的豪情关系存正在联系
In “Rethinking Narcissism,” Harvard Medical School psychologist Craig Malkin gives a definition of healthy narcissism: being able to move “seamlessly between self-absorption and caring attentiveness.”
哈佛大学医学院心理学专家克雷格·马尔金正在《反思自恋》一书中给“健康自恋”下了定义:可以或许正在“专注自我和关怀体谅之间无缝切换”。
Malkin and a colleague developed the Narcissistic Spectrum Scale, on which two key indicators of healthy narcissism are responding “no” to the statements, “I like to dream big, but not at the expense of my relationships” and “I can rein myself in when people tell me Im getting a big head.”
他和一名同事研发了“自恋指数谱”,此中“健康自恋”的两个环节标记就是“两个不”:“我喜好弘远的胡想,但不会以我的豪情关系为价格”、“当别人说我自命不凡时,我能够节制本人”。
If you do score high on healthy narcissism, Malkin writes, youre likely to have an easy time giving and receiving emotional support, and to enjoy closeness and emotional intimacy.
马尔金写道,若是你的“健康自恋”得分很高,那么你可能很容易赐与或获得感情支撑,而且享受亲密关系。
编纂:董静 许雅宁
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